: , , ..

- ""

- -
476


!
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, , -. . I 4 . ...

, . ( ) . - (), .: - ...

, . . ...

( . alternans, . alternantis - , ) ( ), ...

, , - . . ( ) . ., ...

( . alter-, ), . , ( ...
-
- , . . ...

, m*n123 (- + 1, + 2 + 3), ...

( . alumen, . aluminis - ; . Aluminium) A1, . III . . , . . 13, . ...

, 1; - Rnl3-n R-. ; -Hal, H, OR, SR, NR2, RCOO, CN .; = ...

1()3, . -. . (. .)- , , () .. ...

A1(NO3)3, . ; . . 66 ( .); . 1,89 /3; Ͱ6 - 927 /. ...

A1N, . ( = 0,31 , = = 0,4975 , z = 2, ...

() 123, . ; . . 2044; . . 3530 . 2044 . . .-123 (): ., ...

, ( 3,0 /3), . -, , , . , , ...

A12(SO4)3, . . ; . 2,710 /3; 0 259,6 /(*);Ͱ -3444,1 /,G, -3102,9 /; S298 239,4 *). ...

. () 14 - . . . : 580 , [ = 0,49429 ...

A1F3, . . . ( = 0,5039 ,58,50, z = 2, . R32); . ...

113, . (a = 0,591, b = = 1,024 , = ...

(, ), , [14]-. 2, . , - - , 2. , ...

, . . , 1 Si. - [AlSiO4]-, [AlSi2O6]-, [AlSi4O10]-, ...

, , 1. . ( 5,3 /) ...

, N- 1--1- (. ) (. ). (- I; ~ , ...

(.-. amalgama - , ., . malagma - ), . , ...

, . . . . (Crinum), (Galanthus), (Leucojum), (Narcissus), ...

( ), , () . ., . , . . . ...

( . ), -, . . . . ...
-
- (-) RRC=r, . ., , , . . ...

( , ; . Americium) Am, . . III . . ; .. 95; . ...

, - - RC(r=NR)NR"R", R, R, R", R"-H . . . . ...
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