: , , ..

- ""

- -
476


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OAlk, , 3-, 25--. ...

[ - -, ()], - Si(OR)4 Rn Si(OR)4_n ( . .), R = Alk, Ar; ...

, . - - , .: R-opr. ; X = , S; R-Alk, Ar, OAlk, NAlk,, ...

(1,2-), - RRC=C=CR"R", R, R, R", R"-H, Alk, , .-. . . - ...

(2-), . (. .) , . . . -. .- . ...

(3-) 2=265, . . 118,17; . ; . . -40, . . 156,3, 62/40 . ., 47/13 ...

, (III) - I. . 5 : . , —, , =, —R —R ...

, . . 114,14; . ; . . 153,9 ; d 0,9670-0,9680; nD20 1,4342-1,4352; , ...

(2-, ) CH2=CHCH2NCS, . . 99,15; . ; . . 100,5, . . 151-152, 56/22 ..; ...

(2--1-) CH2=CHCH2SH, . . 74,14; ; . . 67-68; d4250,9304; D20 1,4680; (1,1 0,4)*10-10 (25); . ...

(2--1-) 2=2, . . 58,08; . ; . . - 129,0, . . 96,9 ; d420 0,852; D20 ...

( , --1-) 2=21, . . 76,53; . ; . . - 134,5, . . 44,96; d420 0,937, , ...

(3-) CH2=CHCH2CN, . . 67,09; . ; . . -86,8, . . 118,5, 14,1/10 ..; d420 0,8377; nD20 1,4059; ...

, . . 1 2 ...

, , - ( ). . . . - Ag ...

. (. .) , ; , ...

, R2C=CRCR2, R-H . . .. 2=2, 2=(3)2, 3=2, (3)2=2 . ., ...

(2,6--2,4,6-) (CH3)2C=CHCH=CHC(CH3)==CHCH3, . . 136,23; . ; . . 188-192; d1515 0,8133-0,8162; nD15 1,5448; . , ...

(; ; 4-- [3,4-d]), . . 136,11; . ; . . > 300 ; . . -. ...

(, , . adamas- ), . . ( = 0,357 , z = 4, . ...

[. alchymia, alchimia, . ; , . chymeia, cherneia- , chyma - , , (. ...

( . albumen, . albuminis- ), , , , . . ...

( . alga- , ), , - -D- (- I) -L- (II) -, ...

( . alga- , caedo - ), -, . . , . ...

,-), - RCH(OH)NH2. . NH3 -: RCH=O + NH3 -> RCH(OH)NH2. ...

, , -. ., , ...
-
- ( -, ), , ( ) . ...

[. . al(cohol)dehyd(rogenatum) -, ], . ., . . . . ...

, . , , - - . 1. ...

, , - =NH. - -RCH=NH, -RRC=NH. . . ...
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